[PDF] ✓ Free Read ↠ Ontogeny and Phylogeny : by Stephen Jay Gould õ

By Stephen Jay Gould | Comments: ( 128 ) | Date: ( Jan 25, 2020 )

Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny was Haeckel s answer the wrong one to the most vexing question of nineteenth century biology what is the relationship between individual development ontogeny and the evolution of species and lineages phylogeny In this, the first major book on the subject in fifty years, Stephen Gould documents the history of the idea of recapitula Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny was Haeckel s answer the wrong one to the most vexing question of nineteenth century biology what is the relationship between individual development ontogeny and the evolution of species and lineages phylogeny In this, the first major book on the subject in fifty years, Stephen Gould documents the history of the idea of recapitulation from its first appearance among the pre Socratics to its fall in the early twentieth century.Mr Gould explores recapitulation as an idea that intrigued politicians and theologians as well as scientists He shows that Haeckel s hypothesis that human fetuses with gill slits are, literally, tiny fish, exact replicas of their water breathing ancestors had an influence that extended beyond biology into education, criminology, psychoanalysis Freud and Jung were devout recapitulationists , and racism The theory of recapitulation, Gould argues, finally collapsed not from the weight of contrary data, but because the rise of Mendelian genetics rendered it untenable.Turning to modern concepts, Gould demonstrates that, even though the whole subject of parallels between ontogeny and phylogeny fell into disrepute, it is still one of the great themes of evolutionary biology Heterochrony changes in developmental timing, producing parallels between ontogeny and phylogeny is shown to be crucial to an understanding of gene regulation, the key to any rapprochement between molecular and evolutionary biology Gould argues that the primary evolutionary value of heterochrony may lie in immediate ecological advantages for slow or rapid maturation, rather than in long term changes of form, as all previous theories proclaimed.Neoteny the opposite of recapitulation is shown to be the most important determinant of human evolution We have evolved by retaining the juvenile characters of our ancestors and have achieved both behavioral flexibility and our characteristic morphology thereby large brains by prolonged retention of rapid fetal growth rates, for example.Gould concludes that there may be nothing new under the sun, but permutation of the old within complex systems can do wonders As biologists, we deal directly with the kind of material complexity that confers an unbounded potential upon simple, continuous changes in underlying processes This is the chief joy of our science.


  • Title: Ontogeny and Phylogeny
  • Author: Stephen Jay Gould
  • ISBN: 9780674639416
  • Page: 422
  • Format: Paperback

About Author:

Stephen Jay Gould

Stephen Jay Gould was a prominent American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science He was also one of the most influential and widely read writers of popular science of his generation Gould spent most of his career teaching at Harvard University and working at the American Museum of Natural History in New York.Most of Gould s empirical research was on land snails Gould helped develop the theory of punctuated equilibrium, in which evolutionary stability is marked by instances of rapid change He contributed to evolutionary developmental biology In evolutionary theory, he opposed strict selectionism, sociobiology as applied to humans, and evolutionary psychology He campaigned against creationism and proposed that science and religion should be considered two compatible, complementary fields, or magisteria, whose authority does not overlap.Many of Gould s essays were reprinted in collected volumes, such as Ever Since Darwin and The Panda s Thumb, while his popular treatises included books such as The Mismeasure of Man, Wonderful Life and Full House.



Comments Ontogeny and Phylogeny

  • Thalia

    One of Gould's earliest, definitely a book for scientists and people who love developmental biology, not so much for the mass market palate. As someone who spent a lot of time studying development, I love this book. Highly recommended for people who enjoy history and philosophy of science, too.


  • John

    One Of The Most Influential Books On Evolutionary Thought Published In The Past Twenty Five YearsIf there is any book that has greatly reinvigorated interest in the relationship of developmental biology to evolutionary biology, then Stephen Jay Gould's "Ontogeny and Phylogeny" may be the most likely suspect. When it was published originally back in the late 1970s, this elegantly written volume was as much a superb overview of Gould's extensive scientific research up to that time, having been pre [...]


  • Randy

    Good historical overview, very deep book on an intense subject


  • Andresinho

    It`s the most interesting opera about theorical evolution


  • Thalia

    I think this is my favorite book by Stephen Jay Gould, which is saying quite a bit. He goes through the history and philosophy of science in the attempts to understand the mechanisms of evolution, particularly the development (ontogeny) of an individual species, and the evolutionary "shrub" (phylogeny) and how the two are connected. A wonderful book, definetly something to read, think about, and read some more. Gould is (sadly, was) brilliant, and he leads the reader through the book without tal [...]


  • Royce Ratterman

    Most books are rated related to their usefulness and contributions to my research.Overall, a good book for the researcher and enthusiast.Read for personal research- found this book's contents helpful and inspiring - number rating relates to the book's contribution to my needs.


  • Joel Brumfield

    not easily understood but once you grasp the terminolgy makes a sound argument about form following function and how environmental conditions detrmine ultimate ontogeny and phyogeny.


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  • [PDF] ✓ Free Read ↠ Ontogeny and Phylogeny : by Stephen Jay Gould õ
    422 Stephen Jay Gould
  • thumbnail Title: [PDF] ✓ Free Read ↠ Ontogeny and Phylogeny : by Stephen Jay Gould õ
    Posted by:Stephen Jay Gould
    Published :2019-01-06T21:09:44+00:00